Abstract Art.

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Abstract Art. (1907)

Abstract painting indicates a type of representation which gives up any report with visible reality and uses only painting, the color, the form and the line. The concepts of “painting concretes” or of “absolute painting” underline the fact that the line and the structure replace the object. Painting abstracted or not - objective becomes a form of essential expression of the art of the XXe century. According to the definition of Michel Seuphor, historian of French art: ” Any art which one must judge, legitimately, from the only point of view of the harmony, the composition, the order, or the disharmonie, against - composition, of the deliberated disorder, is abstract “. The first abstracted tables, in which any recall of the object is removed are Sonates of Mykolas Ciurlionis, Caoutchouc of Francis Picabia and First abstract watercolour of Vassily Kandinsky. All were carried out between 1907 and 1910. One can divide painting abstracted into two groups: - on the one hand the geometric abstraction characterized at the beginning by the suprematism of Malévitch in Russia and the constructivism of Piet Mondrian in Holland, - and on the other hand, the abstracted expressionnism in which form and color are often posed arbitrarily while expressing the unconscious feelings and emotions of the painter. The abstract expressionnism knows its apogee in Europe and America after the second world war in which the act to paint itself is in the center of the table. The technique of the” dripping “, inspired by max Ernst particularly emphasizes the side “chance” of abstract painting like” the action painting “, a painting of instinct, with the spontaneous gestuality of Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline and William Baziotes.