Paul Gauguin (1848 - 1903).
Its work is very expressive. By the form and the colors. It is also determining for the art of the XXe century. First of all influenced by the impressionists and especially Camille Pissarro it develops the synthetism in opposition to impressionism.
Convinced that there is a relationship between painting and music he thinks that one can choose the colors like notes of music. These same ideas will be taken up later by Kandinsky and Hoelzel.
Gauguin influenced the expressionnism and the painting abstracted by the study from the eigenvalue and the value symbolic system from the lines from surfaces and the colors. Moreover it renewed the techniques of engraving and the woodcarving. In 1871 Paul Gauguin takes his first courses of painting. It collects works of Renoir de Cézanne and Monet. It meets Camille Pissarro with the Academy Colarossi this one, with which it often paints in the open air, and which initiates it with the impressionist techniques. It exposes to the shows of 1876, 1880 and 1881. In 1885 Gauguin separates from its family and devotes themselves entirely to painting.
In 1886 it is withdrawn with Bridge-Swallow-hole in Brittany where it is let inspire by local art and carries out fabrics whose reasons are especially the country medium. It endeavours in its works to find a new language for painting. To obtain a greater simplification it adopts the disciplined layout and the rigour of Cézanne. It is also influenced by Puvis de Chavannes and the Japanese prints. It gives up then completely the modelling of the forms, the drawing and the colors gain in intensity, they become expressive elements. Gauguin respects the flatness of the fabric and seeks to reduce the space indications to simple suggestions.
It rejects the use of the prospect and composes by succession for simple plans. In two years, with Bridge-Swallow-hole, a circle of artists of avant-garde with amongst other things is formed: Paul Sérusier, Emile Bernard and Charles Figuier. Gradually, at Gauguin, influenced by the cloisonnism of Emile Bernard who delimits the spots of luminous colors by very marked contours, the prospect and the concept of space disappear from the table to the profit from the chromatic development.
In 1888 Gauguin Van Gogh with Arles will join but their designs are too different and Gauguin turns over to Brittany at the beginning of 1889.
Then Gauguin leaves for Tahiti to carry out there its dream of a "studio of the tropics". It is through these impressions of the exotic universe and this new culture that Gauguin finds its style final. The tables associate the Polynesian impressions elements borrowed from the old Egyptian, Greek cultures and Javaneses. They are full with lyricism, serenity, harmony and of beauty and do not let anything show through of the pain which will mark the last years of its life.